One of the best parts about using Linux, especially for developers, is the ability to quickly download and install required tools and utilities with a single command. This helps save time and effort when you’re either setting up a new development environment or starting a new project.
In this article, we’re taking a look at how to install GCC on Ubuntu.
Also read: How to install OpenCV in Ubuntu?
Installing GCC on Ubuntu 20.04
GCC stands for GNU Compiler Collection. It is a collection of different compilers and some libraries for C, C++, Objective-C, Ada, Go, Fortran and D. The tool is used to compile many open-source projects, including the Linux kernel itself.
Installing GCC on Ubuntu is rather easy. Here’s how.
sudo apt update sudo apt install build-essential
The command above will install gcc, g++ and make.
By default, the Ubuntu 20.04 repositories install GCC version 9.3.0. If you want to install a different version, mention the version number after the install command. For example, to install multiple versions of GCC, use this command.
sudo apt install gcc-8 g++-8 gcc-9 g++-9 gcc-10 g++-10
In such cases, the default version of the installation would be the latest version installed. While you’ll have to use other versions by mentioning their version names.
You can check GCC versions installed on your machine using this command.
Using GCC to compile scripts
As mentioned above, GCC is used to compile a lot of open-source projects. If you have a C/C++ program named program.c, you can compile it into an executable using GCC. Here’s how.
gcc program.c -o executable
The -o flag specifies the name of the executable file that will be generated. Now assuming your program compiled successfully, you can use the executable to run it in the terminal.
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