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How to file an online FIR in India?

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  • 5 min read

The Indian government has made significant strides in digitising various services to enhance efficiency and accessibility for its citizens. One such crucial service is the ability to file an FIR (First Information Report) online. Filing an FIR is the initial step in starting the legal process for criminal offences, and the online system has made it simpler and more efficient.

This article discusses what an FIR is, the steps to file one online, a few things to remember, and the benefits of e-FIR.

What is an FIR?

An FIR, short for First Information Report, is a written record documenting a crime or incident as reported by the victim. It serves as the initial stage in the legal process and includes key details like when and where the event occurred and what exactly happened. This report holds significant importance in police investigations. It’s vital that before any action is initiated, the FIR undergoes a comprehensive review to guarantee its correctness. Thus, filing an FIR online for any complaint or legal action is essential.

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How to file an FIR online?

An FIR, which stands for First Information Report, is the first official step in reporting a crime according to Section 154 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. You can file it at any police station, regardless of where the crime occurred. However, it’s best to go to the nearest police station immediately to prevent unnecessary delays. Here’s how to do it:

  • To register a complaint with the police, start by visiting the official website of your local police department. For instance, if you’re in Delhi, go to The next section lists all the online FIR options in India.
  • Once you’re on the website, find the services section.
  • Choose the appropriate category from the drop-down menus that match your reported incident.
  • Provide your details, such as your name, address, contact number, and email ID, as well as specifics about the incident, such as where and when it occurred and a description of what happened.
  • Review all the information you’ve entered and complete any captcha requirements.
  • After submitting the form, you’ll receive a confirmation email with the details of your report. It’s important to keep a printed copy of the FIR for your records.

Where can you file the FIR?

Depending on the state where you want to file an FIR online, visit the state’s police website listed below. Here are the available ones.

StatesIs e-FIR accepted or not?Website
Andhra PradeshNo
Arunachal PradeshYesClick here
AssamYesClick here
BiharYesClick here
ChhattisgarhYesClick here
GoaYesClick here
GujaratYesClick here
HaryanaYesClick here
Himachal PradeshYesClick here
JharkhandYesClick here
KarnatakaYesClick here
KeralaYes Click here
Madhya PradeshYesClick here
MaharashtraYesClick here
OdishaYesClick here
RajasthanYesClick here
Tamil NaduYesClick here
UttarakhandYesClick here
Uttar PradeshYesClick here
West BengalYesClick here
DelhiYesClick here
PondicherryYesClick here
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & DiuYesClick here
Andamanan & Nicobar IslandsYesClick here
Jammu and KashmirYesClick here
LakshadweepYesClick here
ChandigarhYesClick here
LadakhYesClick here

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Things to Remember

  • While filing an FIR online is convenient, some cognizable offences may require you to visit the police station later to complete formalities.
  • The specific functionalities and requirements may vary depending on the state police department.
  • Online FIRs are typically for cognizable offences, where the police can arrest the accused without a warrant.

Benefits of e-FIR

  • Convenience: File a report from anywhere, anytime.
  • Time-Saving: Avoid long queues at police stations.
  • Transparency: Receive a reference number to track the progress of your complaint.

What is NCR?

Under Section 379 of the IPC, when something is stolen, a First Information Report (FIR) must be filed. However, if an item is lost, a Non-Cognizable Report (NCR) is filed instead. Unlike an FIR, an NCR remains within the police station records and isn’t forwarded to the court. The police may not actively investigate NCRs as they do with FIRs, which can cause misunderstandings.

Many people aren’t aware of the difference between an FIR and an NCR, leading to confusion. Additionally, the police may file an NCR even for stolen items, further complicating matters for victims.

An FIR stands for First Investigation Report and is associated with the relevant IPC section, while an NCR is termed a Non-Cognizable Report.

Difference between NCR and E-FIR

FeatureNCR (Non-Cognizable Report)e-FIR (Electronic First Information Report)
MeaningA report of a non-serious offenceA report of a serious offence
Filed byAny personVictim or informant
InformationGeneral details about the incidentDetailed information about the incident, including the name and address of the accused
InvestigationNo investigation is initiatedInvestigation is initiated
Police actionCannot make an arrest without a warrant or court orderCan make an arrest without a warrant or court order
PurposeFor documentation purposesTo initiate an investigation and make an arrest
ExamplesLost property, minor scuffles, etc.Robbery, murder, theft, etc.

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When the Police will register NCR /e-FIR?

Offences for which an online FIR can be filed (e-FIR)Non Cognizable Reports (NCR)
TheftLost phone
CheatingLost official documents like Aadhaar card, Pan Card, Driving License, Passport, Voter ID card, etc.
Eve-Teasing, StalkingAssault
RapeGiving and fabricating false evidence
MurderPublic Nuisance
Criminal ConspiracyHurt
Dowry DeathDishonest misappropriation of Property
Causing Miscarriage
Grievous Hurt
Wrongful Restraint /Wrongful Confinement
Criminal breach of trust
Robbery /Dacoity
Cruelty by Husband/relatives

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Akash Singh

Akash Singh

Akash is a law graduate who likes to go for bike rides on the weekends soul-searching for answers to his many existential questions. You can contact him here: