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Static IP address vs Dynamic IP address

The IP address is a label assigned to each device connected to a computer network and uses Internet Protocol for communication. The IP address helps the devices to share information with one another. But do you know that your IP address is not fixed? IP addresses can change from time to time. Can you change your IP address yourself? Read on to find out!

IP addresses are of two types: Static and Dynamic. The basic difference between the two is the way they work. A static IP address does not provide us with the feature of changing our IP address and we are struck with the IP address provided by the Internet service provider (ISP) no matter whatever we do. On the other hand, a dynamic IP address is very flexible. Though assigned by the ISP, we can change the IP address by an easy system reboot or a router/modem reset. The address can even change when we are connected to the internet.

Why are Static IP addresses inconvenient?

Any issue or error with the address can easily be resolved in a static IP address. But this seems to be a very minor advantage as compared to the major drawbacks which we can experience with static IP addresses. The disadvantages are:

  • Inflexibility: The way IP addresses are designed, they can become outdated quickly. Also, the setup is difficult and when we change the device, changing the server settings is a very complex task which makes static IP address unflexible.
  • There are no solutions: Many services require changing IP addresses. If the IP address is banned on a particular website, then the site can never be accessed if it is a static IP address.

Also read: What is Ping and how to analyse Ping results

Why should we use Dynamic IP addresses?

Dynamic IP addresses overcome all the drawbacks of Static IP addresses.

For example, if your IP address is restricted to access a particular website, you cannot do anything if you use a Static IP address. On the other hand, if you use a Dynamic IP address, you can simply restart your router or the device and change your IP address instantly. With this new IP address, you can access the website which you were not allowed to while using your old IP address.

Dynamic IP addresses are more cost-efficient for the ISP as well as the user. That is the reason why most of the ISPs are providing Dynamic IP address nowadays. As Static IP addresses cost more and are less effective, they are assigned only on request. The ISP may also demand extra money for Static IP addresses.

Some people might still prefer Static IP address over a Dynamic one as it provides better downloading and uploading speeds. Which type of IP address do you prefer? Let us know in the comments section.

Also read: What is Firewall and 4 methods it uses to control traffic

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