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How to breed villagers in Minecraft?

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  • 5 min read

Minecraft is one of the world’s most popular action-adventure games which lets players run free with their creativity and do just about anything. As the name suggests, a lot of the gameplay focuses on mining elements and crafting gear, but that’s not all there is to the game mechanics.

Villagers play an important role in the Minecraft world. Aside from filling the void in what can be a very lonely world to traverse, Villagers can often be traded with using emeralds for better gear, maps, treasure, and more.

Generally, you can stumble across a village in Minecraft pretty easily. However, should the population dwindle, or you just want a larger number of villagers to trade with, you can breed your own villagers to add to the mix.

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Also read: How to make a map in Minecraft?

Breeding villagers in Minecraft

Before we get into the specifics of breeding villagers in Minecraft, here are a few things you need to keep in mind.

  • Villagers need to be in close proximity and have a full inventory of food before they can breed. You can achieve this by creating a walled enclosure for two villagers and giving them either three loaves of bread, 12 carrots, 12 beetroots, or 12 potatoes each.
  • The enclosure (or house) containing the villagers needs to have at least three beds to be able to breed — two for the parents and one for the baby they spawn.
  • Aside from food, trading with villagers can also increase their happiness levels and consequently, their willingness to breed. One of the easiest ways to do this is by trading emeralds.

Keeping the aforementioned points in mind, here are the steps you need to follow to breed villagers in Minecraft.

Step 1: The first thing you need are two villagers to breed. If you’re in survival mode, you’re going to have to look for a village. Alternatively, if you’re in creative mode you can just spawn villagers using the /summon villager command.

Step 2: Create a house or a walled enclosure. While creating a house isn’t a hard requirement, it’s advised to prevent your villagers from wandering off during the breeding process. Do keep in mind that villagers can open doors, so if you’re adding one, there’s a chance that they can get out.

Step 3: Add at least three beds — two for the villagers and one for the kid villager. Make sure that the walls of your enclosure at least two blocks high from the bed’s level.

Step 4: Make the villagers willing to breed. This can be done using the aforementioned methods of feeding or trading. If you’re using food, just drop it around the villager and they’ll pick it up as long as they have an empty inventory.

Step 5: Once you see little hearts pop up near the villagers, they’re ready to breed. Step back and check your enclosure a few minutes later, you should see a baby villager.

If your villagers don’t breed despite following these steps, be sure to check the following:

  • Unclaimed beds: Make sure that there is at least one unclaimed bed in the house you’ve placed your villagers.
  • Less than required food items: As mentioned above, less than 12 food items in the villagers’ inventory won’t make them willing to breed. Make sure that they’re stocked up on food.
  • Breeding cooldown: If the pair of villagers have just bred, there’s a five minute cooldown before they can breed again.
  • Time of day: Villagers don’t breed at night, so make sure that it’s the correct time of day before proceeding.
  • Population cap: In the Bedrock edition, there’s a population cap for each village where the number of villagers can’t exceed a certain number which depends on the size of the village. In such cases, either create more buildings to increase the village size or find another village to breed further.

Also read: Fix: Unable to update the Minecraft native launcher

Yadullah Abidi

Yadullah Abidi

Yadullah is a Computer Science graduate who writes/edits/shoots/codes all things cybersecurity, gaming, and tech hardware. When he's not, he streams himself racing virtual cars. He's been writing and reporting on tech and cybersecurity with websites like Candid.Technology and MakeUseOf since 2018. You can contact him here: